ERP vs MRP: Differences Between an ERP and MRP System?


In this article, we have discussed the most hyped & confusing topic which is ERP vs MRP. Most of us get confused with ERPs and MRP and it occurs to everyone during the research for software. In addition, most of us have dealt with or have understood the operation of ERP software and during its research or ERP implementation, we might have heard about MRP software. MRP stands for Materials Requirement Planning which is useful for businesses in managing stocks, raw materials, and the operation. In fact, MRP solutions can be called the first models of ERP software which existed in the early 60s and 70s and were implemented and developed to help the manufacturing industry.

In today’s modern world the functioning of MRP solutions along with the ERP software leads to better management of the manufacturing business. Moreover, most of the advanced and prominent ERP solutions have an inbuilt model of MRP to manage the operations of the manufacturing facilities. However, most business needs to understand the difference between ERP and MRP solutions and choose the software solution widely based on the operational need and the necessity of the business.

This blog will help you to understand the major differences between ERP solutions and MRP tools.

Before understanding the difference let’s try to understand what an ERP and an MRP are. This will help you to understand what they are being majorly used for.

What is an MRP?


MRP, or Material Requirements Planning, is a software program that assists manufacturers in more accurately determining the types, quantities, and timing of the materials they need. The majority of MRPs now feature the capacity to plan, schedule, shop floor control, and perform other calculations. MRP enables you to monitor performance, compare forecasts with real facts regarding the manufacturing operations in a facility, and enhance processes for greater efficiency.

Features of MRP

  1. BOM Management: BOMs are essentially recipes that list the precise components and procedures required to make a certain product. These recipes are documented and archived by a BOM management platform, which also provides assurance that you have followed each step.
  2. Management of inventory: An inventory management tool counts all of your products and commodities. You won’t completely run out of essential items since you’ll be notified when you reach certain levels.
  3. Financial Management:  Just as in the case of ERPs the Accounting management operations in MRPs are conducted using general ledgers, accounts payable and receivable, profit-and-loss reporting, and other tools, to manage your company’s financial information and condition.
  4. Master Production Schedule: Helps with production schedules for creating items in an understandable manner.
  5. Purchase Planning: To get the best supplies at the best price, and prevent overstocking, this module is also useful in maintaining inventory levels.
  6. Capacity Planning: Optimize production line operations using the best equipment and personnel.
  7. Cost Reporting: To understand where your money goes, draft and examine transaction reports.
  8. Forecasting: Estimate methods to create better budgets and product figures. To better manage plans and deal with issues early, compare budgets to actuals.

Benefits of MRP solutions

In addition to the features and capabilities of the MRP systems, there are a lot more benefits of using them for manufacturing and its allied operations management in a business such as:

  1. Complete inventory control and management.
  2. Improves purchase planning and product movement.
  3. Reduces wastage of products and raw materials with resource management.
  4. Effective utilization of time and resources with production planning.
  5. Data management and efficient documentation process and tools.

Limitations of MRP Systems

  1. Steep Prices: Despite being far less expensive than ERP systems, this program might nevertheless come with a substantial price tag. Company size, particularly if you have an enterprise, deployment choices, and more things all have an impact on cost.
  2. Lengthy Implementation time: This suite may require a lengthy installation and training process, which may interfere with your regular tasks. It is best to discuss implementation procedures, the effectiveness of the installation crew, and how best to accommodate your schedule with vendors and resellers.
  3. Needs Accurate Data Input: For the best outcomes, make sure you enter data into the application with exactitude. If not, you’ll receive inaccurate information, have inaccurate KPIs, and end up making poor business decisions. In order to guarantee that everything runs well, it is imperative to hire a diligent individual to handle the system.

What is an ERP?


Enterprise and Resource Planning software solutions have become a necessity and unavoidable aspect of every form of business operations. Today with the automated and ever-changing world of growth and innovation where the models of business change from day to day, the use of ERP for business can help them to deliver the right productivity.

ERPs are business applications made up of modules that cater to various departments and sectors. For optimum efficiency, this program can also be used to support a single department and integrate it with other tools.

Features of ERP

  1. Financial Management: Using general ledgers, accounts payable and receivable, profit-and-loss reporting, and other tools, manage your company’s financial information and condition.
  2. CRM: Maintain customer information using tools including campaign management, reporting, dashboards, and sales analytics. In addition, businesses can effectively manage their relationships with clients by connecting with them and major CRM platforms in the ERPs will help with the same.
  3. Sales Management Implies your sales and marketing activities in order to attract new customers while retaining existing ones.
  4. HR: To save employee attendance, sick days, benefits, and other important data in one single spot, you may also incorporate tools like talent management, time and attendance management, and benefits management. Further, all the HR-based tools in ERPs can help with the process of hiring and online recruitment a much-needed functionality these days.
  5. SCM: Effective supply chain management with demand forecasting, billing, cross-dock planning, and freight matrix.

Benefits of ERP

  1. Cost reductions through automation and integration that boost productivity and efficiency
  2. Improved oversight and management of regulatory compliance
  3. Improved departmental and role collaboration and communication
  4. Scalable business expansion
  5. Better management of partners and suppliers
  6. Capability to integrate this system with other ERP programs or modules to keep data and communications more centrally located.
  7. Automation capabilities to speed up operations like general ledger balance, bank reconciliations, invoice distribution, and purchase order management.
  8. Develop and evaluate in-depth informative reports and KPIs in order to comprehend what is functioning and address bottlenecks, using the best business intelligence (BI) or business analytics (BA) solutions.
  9. Create a number of informative reports to showcase operations and productivity. Additionally, you may draft bills, receipts, invoices, and more

Limitations of ERP

  1. Costs of Implementation and Maintenance: Just like a car, this software has to be maintained so that it functions at its full potential. It is essential to inquire about their support teams from suppliers and resellers. You have a potential vendor if they are trustworthy and simple to contact. If not, you might need to strike this supplier off your list. I want to underline once again that you should question suppliers about an efficient installation timetable that you both can agree on to avoid disputes because this platform can have a time-consuming installation procedure that might cause unneeded downtime for your business.
  2. Expensive: This software is more expensive on average since it has many appliances to cater to various business divisions and sectors. Look for a detailed MRP if all you’re looking for is a tool to assist your manufacturing facility. An enterprise resource planning system is your best option if you want to integrate HR, CRM, marketing, and accounting.
  3. Complex: If you don’t have the right training materials and tools, learning the operational aspects of the ERP might be challenging. Ask your seller whether they provide onboarding assistance and training materials before you buy this product. Ask suppliers, resellers, or current customers who have used the software how simple the deployment and onboarding are. This may help you reduce the number of options on your list and discover the best one.

What is the Relationship Between ERP and MRP?

MRP and ERP work together to streamline corporate processes. An ERP solution’s MRP software functions as a subsystem, providing data on resources and materials to the ERP solution, which combines and uses that data to advise other business departments.

A finance department can utilize the data the MRP system sends to the ERP to compute accounts receivable and the cost of manufacturing to set product pricing. Both of these technologies have had a significant impact on the industrial sector, helping to boost productivity and efficiency while shortening the production cycle.

For small- to mid-sized manufacturers who are expanding their operations and require a better way to manage all of their business activities, ERP systems are wonderful tools. In case their business has a manufacturing unit with the help of ERP solutions MRP capabilities they can manage the production operation. However, the full operational and functional capability of the ERP solution depends on how aligned they are with the business operations and the control of it over the management of the business.

What is the Difference Between ERP and MRP?

The main distinction between ERP and MRP is that whereas MRP systems are primarily focused on materials management, ERP systems assist in the planning and automation of a number of back-office company tasks. Accounting, production, supply chain, customer management, quality, procedures, and planning are all directly impacted by ERP. However, MRP’s procurement and planning capabilities for industrial materials are more constrained.

Users of each system will thus vary as a result. ERP software may be used by people from many different departments, while MRP tools can be used by those who have a connection to manufacturing processes. The fact that MRP functions more independently of ERP is another distinction between the two systems. It is possible to merge certain systems with others, although doing so can be difficult. However, integrating ERP systems is often simple.

Does my company need an ERP or MRP, or both?

On the one hand, only a few variables affect the decision between an ERP and an MRP system. On the other hand, an MRP system can be all you need if your business merely needs support with production processes and stock control. An ERP solution may be necessary if your organization needs greater integration to manage more procedures.

There are a few considerations that can assist and guide you on the correct path, but ultimately, your company procedures, budget, and other factors will determine which technology is best for your operations.

Which business operations do you want to optimize?

Initially analyze the operations methodology of the tour business in which all aspects of the business operations need to be optimized. If it’s only the manufacturing aspects of the business you can surely go ahead with MRP systems. On the contrary, if you want to streamline, automate, and integrate activities that go beyond manufacturing to include accounting, human resources, and other areas you will need to go ahead with an ERP.

What is your software budget?

Secondly, the budget for the software implementation that the company can bear should be considered. There is no point in investing in a software solution that does not fall under the budget of the company. The budget required for an MRP system is considerably smaller than the ERP. However, you must take into account what a system like this can achieve for your company and how this will impact your revenue and expansion.

The right ERP implementation in a business operation and its control with distinctive parameters will increase the efficiency and productivity rates of the functioning.

Is your company growing rapidly?

To succeed and stay up with expansion, a firm that is experiencing significant business growth will need to depend increasingly on automation and standardize simplified operations. An ERP system is required for this. You might only require an MRP tool if your organization is expected to stay stable.

What software programs are you currently using?

The integration capability of the business management system with the existing software solution and operational tools should be considered. Certain of these tools will be business specific and cannot be replaced with another system. Therefore whether it’s an ERP or an MRP system it should be capable of integrating with the existing software solutions. 

Moreover, a thorough study of the software solution which your business is currently using should be considered.

What type of IT resources are available at your company?

An analysis of the IT resources such as servers, modems, com[puters, monitors, cloud capacity, connectivity factors as well as resource persons should be considered. Furthermore, the business managers should analyze whether these resources can be used along with the new software solutions which are being implemented.

Is Your Company an Adaptive Manufacturing Enterprise?

AMEs refer to businesses that can achieve this as “Adaptive Manufacturing Enterprises,” since manufacturers need to be able to develop and shift business models at previously unheard-of rates of speed (AMEs).

Nevpro Business Solution provides the appropriate solutions to support best-in-class, industry-specific business processes and flexible deployment choices to allow Adaptive Manufacturing Enterprises, regardless of whether you choose ERP or MRP. A wide range of industrial software solutions powered by the cloud is available from Nevpro Business Solution.

Nevpro Business Solution is one of the top ERP solutions providers, that can assist you in selecting the appropriate solution, putting it into practice, and using it to carry out business activities.

Among most of the modern ERP solutions which are available in the market today Odoo a new-generation ERP solution tops the chart with its operational and functional capabilities. In fact, Odoo has a dedicated operational module that will cater to the effective management of the manufacturing and production operations of a business.

The full capability of the Odoo platform is exhibited in the ways it’s been developed and Odoo implementation is conducted towards the business operation in a company. With the help of dedicated Odoo implementation providers such as Nevpro Business Solution, one of the best Odoo implementation service providers in the industry. The business can bring in complete business operational management with the help of the Odoo platform.

How To Choose the Best Software?

It takes more than simply relying on web evaluations and asking friends and coworkers to get the best software. There are important factors to think about, and starting without a strategy is dumb and expensive. The following procedure streamlines the choosing process and provides you with all the necessary resources to make an informed decision.

  1. Establish: Find the need for a new system. What is wrong with your current methods? Find out what functionalities are needed in the new system.
  2. Collaborate: Develop a team with the project manager, department heads from the business, stakeholders, coworkers, and end users.
  3. Define: Create a list of needs, look for the key details and consult with the end users regarding their needs and the tools which will be helpful to the(as they use the software on a daily basis).
  4. Distribute: Compare the various software solutions. Reach out to vendors for demos and use cases and rate the software based on the functionality of your business.
  5. Justify: Once you’ve calculated the various vendor scores, it’s time to consider these three crucial queries:
    • Do I require brand-new software?
    • Do I only need supplemental modules?
    • Or should I continue using the same approach?
  6. Prove: You’re prepared to utilize demonstrations, use cases, or proofs-of-concept to assess how effectively suppliers satisfy your needs, whether you’re choosing a new system or searching for suitable accessories (POCs).
  7. Rank the software: After the demo phase, order your top two or three applications based on the needed features, the demo points they received, and the overall ownership cost (TCO).
  8. Negotiate: Arrange a meeting with your preferred seller to go through the terms and conditions. Take contracts to a lawyer or legal firm for a second view if they look shady or strange. You are prepared to sign the contract if you are pleased with the supplier. If not, proceed with the remaining suppliers in the same manner.
  9. Sign: Once you’ve reached a fair agreement, it’s time to sign the contract and create a successful implementation strategy.


In conclusion, MRP solutions are dedicated software tools that help the manufacturing business or the business with the manufacturing aspects to control and manage it. However, these tools can only perform and help with manufacturing and its allied operation only. When businesses go for an ERP solution such as Odoo they get a dedicated manufacturing module of tools along with the capabilities to manage the entire business operation. This is because the business only has to spend money and operate on only one software for business management.

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